Sustainable Agriculture Programme

Thematic Strategies

Manual heap formation  SAP/ WWF-Pakistan
Manual heap formation SAP/ WWF-Pakistan
SAP/ WWF-Pakistan

Climate Change

Climate change is an undeniable fact of the 21st century and the world is witnessing a rapid change in temperature, precipitation, snow fall, melting of glaciers, and sun shine period. It is predicted to have a devastating impact on the planet and its inhabitants. Agriculture worldwide both contributes to, and is highly exposed to climate change. While measures and policies need to be put in place to reduce gas emissions from the agricultural sector (e.g. more efficient farming practices, reduced input use), mitigation alone is not sufficient.

Under SAP WWF-Pakistan plans to work on: 1. Adaptation measures to reduce the vulnerability of the agricultural sector to climate change, as well as promote opportunities associated with climate change

2. Effective adaptation through both local, national and regional-level action ranging from intra regional collaboration for diversified efforts for climate change adaptation and mitigation

3. To research and enhanced information and training on climate risk and adaptation options

Water Stewardship

The water crisis is growing and our farming systems cannot afford to ignore the impacts of reduced freshwater flows on ecosystems, and the functions and services these ecosystems provide for people and nature (e.g. flood prevention, stable fresh water supply). SAP identifies the need to prioritize implementation of Water Stewardship Initiative for freshwater management to address the challenges of both water scarcity and pollution.

The overall objective of water stewardship is to promote responsible use of freshwater as:

  • Environmentally sustainable water use maintains or improves biodiversity and ecological processes at the watershed level
  • Socially and economically beneficial water use recognizes basic human needs and ensures long-term benefits for local people and society at large.

Biodiversity Conservation

The impact of agricultural practices on biodiversity is unquestionable hence biodiversity conservation remains a major challenge for agriculture while climate change and water demand increase have a multiplying effect on this challenge.

SAP biodiversity conservation element is based on the realization of the importance of maintaining and enhancing biodiversity to sustain the ecosystem services it provides for primary function of agriculture, production of food and raw materials, but also in nutrient cycling, protection and enrichment of soils, regulation of local climates and hydrological processes.

SAP future initiatives will contribute to the overall goals through developing and promoting participative strategies for supporting the sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity in farming communities.

  • By integrating the community dynamics (as well as the scientific aspects) of agricultural biodiversity conservation and use, and its implications into different agriculture projects.
  • By focusing on research and development of strategies that will achieve sustainable use and conservation over the long-term

Farm Stewardship and Food Security

Pakistan ranks eleventh on the index of food insecure countries which means the country is at extreme risk. Factors that attribute to the growing food insecurity include agricultural cycle, demography, change in dietary patterns, availability of water, and erosion of cultivable land due to excessive use of agro-chemicals.

As food insecurity and climate change are interconnected issues, there will be a massive change in crop production and land utilization in years to come due to increase in temperatures affecting cash crops like cotton, wheat and sugar. Unabated consumerism and unchecked exploitation of natural resources are the main culprits according to scientists and environmental activists.

Finally, volatility and instability of world food prices, deteriorating terms of exchange, and inefficient agricultural markets are of concern for farming communities. Clearly, the current patterns of agriculture and agricultural trade have not provided an appropriate framework for achieving food security and protecting the environment. WWF - Pakistan believes that a sustainable agriculture model is the only way to respond to national food security and poverty reduction challenges effectively:

  • Improving capacities of the poorer farming communities to increase productivity through improved access to profitable and environmentally sustainable, better farm management technologies;
  • Strengthening market linkages for technology, inputs, services and produce ensuring food security and nutrition of rural and urban poor;
  • Establishment and strengthening of sustainable, formal grass roots institutions in order to provide a base for technology transfer and marketing of surplus production.


SAP Projects

  • SPRING Sustainable Cotton Production in Pakistan's Cotton Ginning SMEs
  • PSCI Pakistan Sustainable Cotton Initiative
  • SuPSI Sugar Producer Support Initiative
  • BCFTF Better Cotton Fast Track Fund

  • Understanding the GHG emissions and Water Footprint (environmental footprint) associated with Cotton Cultivation in Cotton-growing Regions of India and Pakistan
WWF-Pakistan Sustainable Agriculture Programme Project Areas
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