Introduction

With rapid increase of population and urbanization across the developing world, water scarcity has become a foremost issue Most of the water in Indus comes from glacial melt. The Western Himalayan glaciers act as a reservoir for the Indus basin, capturing snow and releasing it into the rivers hence replenishing the plains. Pakistan is vulnerable to severe food and water crises as we go forward in the 21st century. Increased competition for water resources among domestic,industrial and agriculture sectors has led to acute shortages of water in major cities in Pakistan.

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