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Indus - Pakistanís Lifeline

Indus Basin is one of the largest in Asia, and spans across four countries: Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, and China, supporting the population of 180 million and rich biodiversity. Indus Basinís five major rivers are fed from the mighty Himalayas.

The River Indus is the longest river of Pakistan spanning the length of 2,700km, providing a source of water for a wide range of uses including drinking, irrigation and industries. It is home to a variety of endangered species a riverine habitat for fauna including fish, amphibians, birds, small and large mammals such as the Indus blind dolphin, hog deer, wild boar, Indian cobra and many more.

The Indus River originates in Tibet in the northern Himalayas, snakes through Himalayan mountain ranges and enters the plains of Punjab. The other tributaries of the Indus Basin contributes to the Indus and it finally falls in the Arabian sea, in the Indian Ocean.

Sutlej River starts from the Western Tibet of the Kailas Mountain range, around the source of Indus and Ganges. The river enters Pakistan through Punjab near Ferozepur and eventually joins Chenab River upstream of Panjnad Barrage.

The Ravi River originates from the lesser Himalayan Range in India and runs almost along the Indo-Pak border. Ravi River flows through the northwest parts of India and north-eastern Pakistan and is one of the six rivers of the Indus system in the Punjab region.

The Jhelum River emerges from the Kashmir Valley. All the rivers including Sutlej, Ravi, Jhelum eventually flow into Chenab River which later flows into Indus Basin.