Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
The Basel Convention is an international treaty that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs).
Convention on Biological Diversity
The Convention on Biological Diversity, known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is an international treaty that was adopted in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. Its objective is to develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. It is often seen as the key document regarding sustainable development.
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
An international treaty, the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (also known as CMS or Bonn Convention) aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range.
Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas
This convention is about the sustainable use of living resources of the high sees and came to effect on 1958.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
CITES is an international agreement between governments which aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution
This convention is intended to protect the human environment against air pollution and to gradually reduce and prevent air pollution, including long-range transboundary air pollution.
International Plant Protection Convention
The IPPC is an international treaty to secure action to prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products, and to promote appropriate measures for their control.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
The Ramsar Convention of Wetlands also known as Convention on Wetlands of International Importance is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i.e., to stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands now and in the future, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
The Convention has the goal of preventing "dangerous" human interference with the climate system. 192 countries around the world have joined an international treaty that sets general goals and rules for confronting climate change.
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
The convention which aims to prevent and combat desertification all over the world was adapted in 1994. Over 179 countries were Parties as at March 2002.
Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer
The Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer is a multilateral agreement was entered into force in 1987. It acts as a framework for the international efforts to protect the ozone layer.
Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context
The Espoo (EIA) Convention sets out the obligations of Parties to assess the environmental impact of certain activities at an early stage of planning. The Convention was adopted in 1991 and entered into force on 10 September 1997
Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution
The Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, often abbreviated as Air Pollution or CLRTAP, is intended to protect the human environment against air pollution and to gradually reduce and prevent air pollution, including long-range transboundary air pollution.
Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is an international legally binding agreement on persistent organic pollutants (POPs).
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean
The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (Barcelona Convention); adopted on 16 February 1976, in force 12 February 1978; revised in Barcelona, Spain, 9-10 June 1995 as the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (not yet in force)
Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes
The Convention of the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention) is intended to strengthen national measures for the protection and ecologically sound management of transboundary surface waters and groundwaters.
Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone
Adopted in 1999 this Protocol sets emission ceilings for 2010 for four pollutants: sulphur, NOx, VOCs and ammonia. The Protocol also sets tight limit values for specific emission sources (e.g. combustion plant, electricity production, dry cleaning, cars and lorries) and requires best available techniques to be used to keep emissions down.
Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
The ultimate objective of this protocol is to eliminate any discharges, emissions and losses of POPs.