indusecoregion

Indus Ecoregion

Indus ecoregion is identified amongst the 40 biologically richest ecoregions in the world. It harbors riverine forests along the Indus River, mangrove forests in the coastal areas while desert ecosystems occupy the periphery of the ecoregion.

    Size

    Indus Ecoregion covers approximately 65 per cent of the province of Sindh and occupies 18 districts of Sindh while a small northwestern part of the ecoregion extends slightly into Balochistan.

    Habitat Type

    Indus Ecoregion harbors riverine forests along the Indus River, mangrove forests in the coastal areas while desert ecosystems occupy the periphery of the ecoregion

    Geographic Location

    Located in a semi-arid environment

    The Indus ecoregion is the only ecoregion that lies fully within Pakistan's boundaries, while all other eco-regions are trans-boundary eco-regions.



    Local Species:

    (a). Animals:
    Hog deer (Axis porcinus), Desert fox (Vulpes vulpes pussila), Fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinous), Indian Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata), Small Indian Civet (Viverricula indica), Indus dolphin (Platanista minor), Chinkara (Gazella bennettii), Asiatic jackal (Canis aureus), Bengal fox (Vulpes bengalensis), Desert Lynx (Felis Caracal)

    (b). Plants:
    Aak (Calotropis procera), Babur (Acacia nilotica), Baid Mushk (Eucalytputs camaldulensis), Ber (zizyphus nummularia), Devi (Prosopis juliflora), Dabh (Desmostrachya bipinnata), Gah (Eragrostis japonica), Jaar (Salvadora oleoides), Kandi

Threats

Indus Ecoregion is facing multiple threats such as habitat loss, water scarcity, vanishing of key species, destruction of forests, and disappearance of migratory birds.

What WWF-Pakistan is doing?

The ecological significance of the Indus ecoregion and its prioritization as one of the forty most biologically rich ecoregion has led WWF-Pakistan to concentrate the majority of its initial efforts on the Indus ecoregion. However, initial planning for activities in all other ecoregions has been initiated and should bear fruit in the next several years. The successful planning and lessons from the Indus ecoregion programme will provide a sound platform for developing.

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